Sacred places of Kazakhstan

Mausoleum Аristan-Bab

The Monument of architecture of beginning XX of a century.
The mausoleum has been erected above a tomb known religious mysticism Аrystan-Bab, lived in XII century. The first construction of the mausoleum concerns to XIV-XV centuries. From it carved wooden columns aivana were kept. In XVIII century on a place ancient masars, destroyed earthquake, had been constructed two dome construction with аivans, leaning on two carved wooden columns. The building of XVIII century has collapsed and in 1909 has been built up anew, about what kartush of frieze. In 1971 because of a high level of the subsoil waters led its emergency condition, the mosque has been taken down and built up anew. The building is constructed from fired brick on an alabaster solution, in an obverse lying of walls. Now the mausoleum is one of Muslim relics of the Central Asia and is a place of pilgrimage.

On a legend, Arystan –Bab was associater of prophet Muhammad. Once prophet Muhammad and its associates sat and ate a hurma. One of fruits all time dropped out of a dish, and the prophet has heard revelation: " This hurma is intended for Ahmed's Moslem who will be born for 400 years after you ". The prophet has asked the associates who will hand over this hurma to the future owner. Nobody was caused. The prophet has repeated the question and then Аrystan-Bab has answered: “If you ask the Allah to give 400 years of a life I shall hand over a hurma ". According to the national legend and to written sources (" Risolay Sarem-Ispidjab” and book of Kuprilozada), Аrystan in 400 years became instructor Hodzha Ahmed Yassavi and has really hand over a hurma. Now above tomb Аrystan-Bab stands the mausoleum in area 30*13 m. On historical data, this mausoleum in XII-XVIII centuries has been some times reconstructed and restored. The mausoleum of the Hodzha Ahmed Yassaui - great sacred and the preacher sufism, born in 1103 and died in 1166. At Moslems Hodzha Ahmed Yassaui is esteemed by the second prophet after Mohammed. (Turkestan) The Mausoleum Arystan-Bab a place of a burial place of the teacher of Hodzha Ahmed Yassaui. Under the legend, dying, prophet Mohammed has handed the Arystan-Bab the chetki-amanat and that has handed over to their 11-years boy - to the future to Hodzha Ahmed Yassaui. Near the mausoleum Arystan-Bab is a well with very salty water which possesses curing properties (v.Sairam)

Mosque of Bab-arabs

Mausoleum Arystan-Bab

Mausoleum Hodzha Ahmet Yassaui

The city of Turkestan - the first capital Kazakh hans. The ancient name of city - Yassi. Yassi became the center of district, the main trading item on Great silk Road. Special popularity has got in beginning XII of a century when H.A.Yassavi has lodged. After his death above a tomb has been built mazar which at once has got the status of " a sacred place ". In XIV century Amir Timur in honour of a victory over Golden Horde constructs above a tomb of the poet grandiose hanaku, kept in first edited a kind during 6 centuries. Around of H.A.Yassavi's Mausoleum in due course there was the whole necropolis consisting of mausoleums Rabigi Sultan-Begim (XV in, century is disassembled in 2-nd half ХIХ and it is restored in 1980) and Esim khan (XV century), the mausoleum Anonymous, etc. burial places. A number of the constructions connected with sufies by rituals and cult Yassaui, such as chillyahana (XV century), underground hilvet (ХІІ-ХІХ centuries), east bath (ХVІ-ХІХ centuries) was kept.

Mausoleum Ibragim-Ata

This mausoleum is located on northeast part of Sairam, was erected above a tomb of the spiritual governor of sheikh Ibragim - father Ahmed Yassavi. The former construction (Х11-Х1У centuries), not having passed the test time, has fallen off. The mausoleum has been restored Х1Х century. From people’s legends about sanctity of this person and unusual gift of the seer went. The manuscripts testifying to a noble origin and a family tree are stored in museum Sairam.

Mausoleum Karashash-Ana

This historical monument towering in center of Sairam, concerns to Х1Х century. For the first time the mausoleum was erected in Х111century above tomb Karashash-Ana - mothers Ahmed Yassavi. Present name Karashash-Ana – Aisha-Bibi, it was the daughter known in Sairam, sheikh Musa. Karashash-Ana was one of enlightenmented, well-educated and competent women of the epoch. Karashash-Ana turkis of all world esteem. Her identifyed with an ideal of motherhood.

Mausoleum Aisha-Bibi

In 18 km from Taraz, in small grove on a hill other large religious monument - mausoleum Aisha-Bibi (XI-XII centuries) is located. Now it is taken on the account of UNESCO. The mausoleum is reveted by various terracotta tiles and can be compare only to such world a masterpiece of ancient architecture, as mausoleum Ismail Samani in Bukhara. Mausoleum Aisha-Bibi, perhaps, a unique monument in the Central Asia, entirely reveted carved terracotta with the richest оrnaments in the form of tiles, eaves, stylish writings. In a decor of the mausoleum rich and various it is composite the connected ornaments in the form of the geometrical figures consisting of interlacings of polygons, crosses, stars, and also vegetative motives in the form of stalks with colors. Capitals and columned from terracotta blocks covered by the most thin figures representing the richest assemblies of motives of a national ornament. Mausoleum Aisha-Bibi is some kind of a museum-storehouse of ornamental treasures of the past of central-Asian Turkic people. Now from this remarkable monument only western wall, and from other walls - only not greater fragments was kept. On one of angular towers of the mausoleum are visible scraps lines from an ancient couplet: " Autumn … clouds. The Earth fine … ". Up to now the part of the western wall of the mausoleum was kept only. Now completely the mausoleum is restored. The territory is arranged well. The mausoleum is one of the most interesting and unique monuments of architecture Кarahanids of the epoch, not having analogues in architecturally-building culture of Kazakhstan and Central Asia. Differs magnificence of decorative registration of facades, continuous facing from terracotta plates of the various form and an ornament more than 60 versions. Tiles fasten by a jamming in a lying of a wall of the extended elements rump "tails". On columns it was partially kept epigraphs belt. The monument invariable causes interest of tourists not only the unusual architecture, but also the historical legends telling about love of east beauty Аisha and brave soldier Karahan. Аisha is the woman considered the daughter of known east wise man Zengi. According to legend Аisha has died from a sting of the snake during a trip to beloved Karahan.

Mausoleum Babadja Hatun

The mausoleum differs simplicity and grace of forms owing to what it was kept till our time. Last restoration works have been lead per 2002. In the architectural plan interest represents tent overlapping the mausoleum absolutely not traditional for our region. Epigraph of the frieze on a portal of the mausoleum has informed up to us a name of the woman, buried in it. According to a legend it was nurse Ajshi. Accompanied with it during a tragical trip. After death of Aisha supported fire on the tomb. Both of the mausoleum are not only architectural objects, but also a place of pilgrimage so are considered as sacred places in the Muslim world. Turkestan (Yassi) has been estimated as the spiritual and political center turk-language people and was capital Kazakh hans. To Turkestan 1 500 years. Sheikh Hodzha Ahmet Yassaui - mystical sufi, the poet and the philosopher was the spiritual leader of turkis.


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